The history of the Sonsbeek exhibitions taking place in Arnhem’s city park goes back to 1949. At first it was a biennale, soon after as a triennial, but since 1958 the interval became irregular.
The exhibition was initiated in an effort to help Arnhem recover from the heavy damages the city suffered during the Second World War. In 1948 the Arnhem alderman H.M.A Klompé visited the open-air exhibition in Battersea Park, London, which led to the founding of Arnhem exhibition.
Sonsbeek ’49 combined art and the lush nature of Sonsbeek park, and by doing so served as a mental salve for the traumatised inhabitants. The exhibition exceeded all expectations: 125,000 people visited the park.
Since this first edition in 1949, Sonsbeek has contributed to and redefined international contemporary art. It has also been instrumental in shaping the presentation of art in public spaces.
The first four editions were very successful if one considers the public response and the number of visitors. They all gave an overview of international classic modern art, often with subjects related to the Second World War. The fifth edition, however, could not compete anymore with other international events, and therefore the policy changed radically. Since then the Sonsbeek exhibitions showed contemporary art.
The 1971 edition (curator Wim Beeren), was equally groundbreaking, in spite of the relatively low number of visitors and critical reception. Entitled Sonsbeek buiten de perken (Sonsbeek beyond lawn and order), it transgressed the boundaries of an event and exhibition. It expanded beyond the time and space of the show and set the tone for the consecutive editions.
The 1986 edition (curator Saskia Bos) stayed in the park and showed the colorful works of artists of the arte povera generation.
The 1993 (Valerie Smith) and 2001 editions (curator Jan Hoet) created metaphorical circles, representing geographical and social areas of the city of Arnhem.
The exhibition of 2008, (curator Anna Tilroe), called Grandeur, is best known for its so-called procession. It brought artworks through the town and symbolically back to the park. The last edition in 2016 was curated by ruangrupa. Since 2016, Sonsbeek has become a quadrennial exhibition.Source: http://dutchartinstitute.eu/page/3908/about-sonsbeek